2022, 24 (5): 1-9. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0061
Firstly, this paper summarizes the practical experience of China’s digital government construction in top-level design, construction dimensions, technical support, platform construction and data opening. Secondly, it points out the problems of regional imbalance, information islands, insufficient investment in digital infrastructure, imperfect online government services and increasingly prominent data security risks in the process of digital government construction. Finally, based on analyzing the logic mechanism of China’s digital government construction, this paper points out that we should deepen the construction of digital government, strengthen the top-level design, improve the construction of the national-level digital government platform, attach importance to the application of new information technology, create a closed loop of digital government, realize the integration of “online and offline” government services, and improve data security and supervisory capabilities. Those are important paths of improving the construction of China’s digital government.
2022, 24 (5): 10-17. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0067
With deep integration between digital technology and social intercourse, intergenerational interaction of family WeChat field, as a traditional Chinese families’ strong response to changes in the digital age, promotes the healing of family intergenerational emotion, the self-adaptation shown in family intergenerational interaction and the natural heritage of family intergenerational filial piety culture, and it has become a new perspective of observing media reverse of family intergenerational harmony. Parents and offspring in the family WeChat field have obvious differences and contradictions in WeChat access gap, usage gap and knowledge gap, showing a realistic picture of symbiosis between demand and anxiety, domestication and privacy, and bridging and impedance. Parents and offspring need to elevate the sense of identity and understanding of digital cultural concepts, strengthen the sense of cohesion and cohesiveness of family intergenerational interaction, and promote the sense of presence and consciousness of spiritual support behavior, to realize the harmonious family intergenerational interaction in the digital era.
XIE Yongjiang, YANG Yongxing
2022, 24 (5): 18-25. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0055
With the rapid development of big data and artificial intelligence technology, algorithms, as one of the core technologies of artificial intelligence are widely used in human society. While promoting the development of the industrial economy and facilitating human life, it also brings serious problems of algorithmic discrimination. Algorithmic discrimination not only infringes the legitimate rights and interests of specific entities, operators’ competitive interests, and people’s basic human rights at the direct level, but also deepens existing prejudice and aggravates the digital gap, which are not conducive to the long-term development of the artificial intelligence industry and need to be regulated urgently. By tracing the causes of algorithmic discrimination, it can be seen that algorithmic discrimination is the result of algorithm developers’ implicit bias embedded in algorithms, data deviation and algorithm black boxes. Algorithmic discrimination is a legal issue in the technical field. Based on referring to the extraterritorial mode, the regulation of algorithmic discrimination needs to adopt multiple means such as law, technology and social norms to achieve the coordinated effect of algorithmic discrimination governance.
YE Xiaodan, ZHU Qianqing
2022, 24 (5): 26-31. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0056
Blind box sales, the innovative way of selling goods, whether it is in brick-and-mortar stores or online e-commerce platforms, are loved by young people. The novelty and fun of blind boxes have brought new marketing ideas to operators, and injected new impetus into the vigorous development of China’s economy. Even the blind box economy is formed. However, while the blind box economy is expanding, it also exposes some legal risks, resulting in some social hazards, such as lack of product quality guarantee, weak protection of consumer rights and interests and the existence of gambling risks. Therefore, how to resolve the legal regulatory dilemma of blind box sales is a problem that must be faced and solved in the developing process of the blind box economy.
ZHANG Aihua, YU Han, CHEN Chaoyu
2022, 24 (5): 32-38. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0017
Through data crawling, 1560 complaint texts in the comment area of China Mobile’s official microblog in sina are taken as ordinary complaint data and 4600 complaint texts about China Mobile from the black cat complaint platform are taken as further complaint data, and then the data is preprocessed. Word2vec technology is used to convert the preprocessed complaint text data into numerical data, and by calculating the vector cosine similarity, the ordinary complaints that are easy to become further complaints are obtained, and the themes are summarized. The LDA (linear discriminant analysis) subject analysis is used to obtain the subjects of the further complaints, so as to analyze their reasons. This study aims to provide new ideas for operators to accurately locate potential customers with further complaints, and put forward suggestions for operators’ customer complaint management.
HE Ying, FANG Zijie
2022, 24 (5): 39-57. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0041
The data of A-share listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges from 2007 to 2018 is selected as the sample, and the influencing effect, the influencing factors, the influencing mechanism and the economic consequence of CEO excess compensation on enterprise innovation are analyzed and verified. The research results show that in terms of the influencing effect, the more CEO excess compensation, the higher the level of enterprise innovation. In terms of the influencing factors, when the higher the level of CEO holdings and the weaker the degree of supervision by the board of directors, the stronger the role of CEO excess compensation in promoting the level of enterprise innovation, and at the same time, compared with state-owned enterprises, CEO excess compensation of non-state-owned enterprises has a more significant effect on promoting the level of enterprise innovation. In terms of the influencing mechanism, CEO excess compensation can improve the level of enterprise innovation mainly by alleviating the financing constraints of enterprises and improving the risk preference of CEOs. In terms of the economic consequence, CEO excess compensation can improve enterprise performance by promoting enterprise innovation activities. The research has enriched the relevant literature on the influencing factors of enterprise innovation and the economic consequence of CEO excess compensation, provides new ideas for corporate governance mechanism and also provides reference for compensation policy makers.
PENG Ruohong, LI Yifei
2022, 24 (5): 58-68. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0051
Taking A-share listed state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on the main boards of Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges from 2012 to 2020 as samples, the impact of policy burden on the innovation performance of SOEs, the differences of the impact under different levels and functions of SOEs, and the moderating effect of executive incentives are explored. The results show that: (1) The policy burden has a significantly negative impact on the innovation performance of SOEs; (2) Compared with SOEs directly under the central government, the policy burden has a greater negative impact on the innovation performance of local SOEs; (3) Compared with commercial SOEs, the policy burden has a greater negative impact on the innovation performance of public welfare SOEs; (4) Executive incentives moderate the negative effects of the policy burden and innovation performance of SOEs, and stock ownership incentives and promotion incentives mitigate the negative effects (stock ownership incentives are more obvious), while compensation incentives aggravate the negative effects.
ZHAO Hongzhong, GUO Xiaoying
2022, 24 (5): 69-79. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0012
The report of the 19th CPC National Congress pointed out that high-quality development required properly handling the relationship between balanced and unbalanced regional development. At present, the key to narrowing the gap among regions lies in the balanced layout of transportation infrastructure and human capital. High-speed railway, human capital and regional economic gap are included in the same research framework in this research, and through the collection of panel data of 108 prefecture-level cities in the Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2005 to 2020, the index system of regional economic gap is constructed. The frequency of stopovers is adopted to quantify the developing degree of high-speed railway, and the fixed effect model is used to empirically research the influence of high-speed railway development on regional economic gap. The findings are as follows: (1) The development of high-speed railway can significantly narrow the gaps of economy, output, income and life quality in the whole region. (2) The mediating effect analysis shows that high-speed railway development can improve the level of human capital, and then affect the regional economic balance. (3) The reducing effects of high-speed railway development on different regions are different, and the effect is more obvious in the central and western regions with low economic development level. Therefore, it is of practical significance for the balanced development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt to rationally allocate China’s high-speed railway network and break down barriers to the flow of talents in combination with local government talent policies.
ZHANG Zhiming, YANG Nankui
2022, 24 (5): 80-91. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0072
The moderating role of the virtuous personality, a typical and ideal personality trait in Chinese Confucian culture, and the mediating role of paradoxical thinking were introduced and verified by discussing the influence mechanism and theoretical boundary of ambidextrous leadership and employees’ active change behavior in Chinese context. Bootstrap method and hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data of 421 employees’ questionnaires. The results showed that ambidextrous leadership positively promoted employees’ active change behavior, and paradoxical thinking played a partially mediating role. The relationship between ambidextrous leadership and paradoxical thinking, and the above mediating effect were positively moderated by employees’ virtuous personality, which meant this indirect effect was significantly stronger for the employees with the high virtuous personality. Therefore, in the Chinese context, in order to promote employees’ active behavior change, leaders should actively display ambidextrous behavior to stimulate employees’ ability of paradoxical thinking, and pay attention to identifying and cultivating employees’ virtuous personality.
HUANG Yuke, MIN Xiangwei, HU Xibao, JIAO Rongzhen
2022, 24 (5): 92-101. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0050
The probability series courses of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications are taken as examples, and how to optimize the teaching design of mathematics public basic courses for engineering students is discussed, so as to better cooperate with the teaching reform and engineering education accreditation of relevant majors and to realize the goal of cultivating excellent engineering talents. A new idea, called modularization of teaching content is proposed under the mode of “One Body with Two Wings”. Here, “One Body” means the basic knowledge and skills of the course and “Two Wings” mean the application cases in engineering and the tools of mathematical research. Thus the teaching content can be flexibly adjusted according to students’ learning foundation and their needs in professional development. The reform achievements based on the above theoretical framework and the high consistency between “Engineering Education Accreditation” and “Ideological and Political Education in College” are also shown.
JIN Juan, HAN Cuicui, WANG Shiqi
2022, 24 (5): 102-109. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0060
Based on the literature review and “field theory”, a mechanism model of the influence of tutor leadership on postgraduates’ academic well-being is constructed. After making quantitative analysis of 1036 questionnaires, the following conclusions are drawn: Firstly, tutor leadership has a significantly positive predictive effect on postgraduates’ academic well-being. Secondly, tutor leadership has a significantly positive impact on postgraduates’ psychological capital. Thirdly, psychological capital plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between tutor leadership and postgraduates’ academic well-being. Fourthly, achievement motivation positively moderates the relationship between tutor leadership and postgraduates’ psychological capital. Based on the above conclusions, suggestions for improving postgraduates’ academic well-being are put forward from the perspectives of universities, tutors and postgraduates.
ZHANG Jing, Nimalamu, WANG Huan
2022, 24 (5): 110-116. doi：10.19722/j.cnki.1008-7729.2022.0014
Tapping and utilizing these elements of epidemic resistance can not only improve the teaching effect of ideological and political education in universities, and strengthen young students’ political beliefs and identification, but also further demonstrate the theoretical value and practical meaning of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. By sorting out the logic of “what to tap — how to tap — how to stimulate the effectiveness of ideological and political education”, resources tapping system is constructed. From the macro planning and top-level design by departments in charge of education, to the institutional guidance and organizational support by universities and schools, and then to the mode of teacher-guidance and student-participation, the path integration is constructed. By talking about the theoretical value, academic value, practical value, era value and social value behind the elements, university students’ knowledge system and belief can be both improved.